Built In Types: Bool

The Boolean type bool can store two distinct values, which correspond to the Boolean values true and false, respectively.

Consider the following example:

function is_leap_year(int $yy): bool {
  return ((($yy & 3) === 0) && (($yy % 100) !== 0)) || (($yy % 400) === 0);

function main(): void {
  $result = is_leap_year(1900);
  echo "1900 is ".(($result === true) ? "" : "not ")."a leap year\n";

When called, function is_leap_year takes one argument, of type int, and returns a value of type bool. (A year is a leap year if it is a multiple of 4 but not a multiple of 100—for example, 1700, 1800, and 1900 were not leap years—or it's a multiple of 400. Some redundant grouping parentheses have been added to aid readability.)

The equality operators === and !==, and the logical operators && and ||, all produce bool results, with the ultimate result of the large bool expression being returned from the function.

As is_leap_year is explicitly typed to return a bool, the local variable $result is inferred as having type bool. (Unlike function parameters such as $yy, or a function return, a local variable cannot have an explicit type.)

The value of $result is compared to the bool literal true, and the bool result is used as the controlling expression of the ?: operator.

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